Hazards at LI's former military sites

Eight of the 17 former military installations on Long Island could have hazardous or toxic waste or unexploded munitions present, but the federal agency in charge of the sites lacks the funding to conduct recommended safety investigations, according to documents and federal officials.

The former defense sites are run by the Army Corps of Engineers, which has a backlog of about $500 million in cleanup or investigation projects in the New York and New Jersey area, an agency spokesman said.

Are explosives present?

No possible explosives listed Possible explosives on site
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Formerly used defense sites County Location Possible explosives Notes
Mitchel Field Nassau Hempstead Yes History of military use dating to Revolutionary War. In World War II was used for training. Hazardous and toxic wastes and ordnance could be present. Site currently occupied by Hofstra University, Nassau Community College, Nassau Coliseum and Mitchel Sports Complex.
Mitchel Communication Facility, Annex No. 1 Nassau North Bellmore Not listed Site included radio beacon, a receiver and transmitter for Mitchel Field. Hazardous buildings are present at site. Land transferred to Nassau County Board of Special Education and Federal Aviation Administration
Nike Battery NY 29/30 Nassau Lido Beach Not listed Part of Nike missile defense system on 75 acres. Used by local school district and U.S. Department of Interior. Is not known to be contaminated.
Roosevelt Field Nassau Garden City Not listed Navy used this site to prepare aircraft for shipment overseas. Daily antisubmarine patrols flew from here. Current site of Roosevelt Field Mall.
Short Beach Fire Control Station Nassau Hempstead Not listed Observation station for coastal gun batteries. Hazardous building(s) on-site. Property part of Jones Beach State Park.
Syosset Naval Industrial Reserve Aircraft Plant Nassau Oyster Bay Not listed Site used for military aircraft manufacturing and production of electronic warfare equipment. Site owned by Board of Cooperative Educational Services of Syosset.
U.S. Navy Training Device Center Nassau Sands Point Yes Navy used this site as a training, research and testing area. Hazardous and toxic wastes and ordnances could be present. Most of site part of Sands Point Preserve.
Camp Hero Suffolk Montauk Yes Site was part of harbor defense program and included three gun batteries, barracks, hospital, sewage treatment plant and other buildings. Hazardous buildings are present, and hazardous and toxic waste, plus ordnance could be present. Hazardous, toxic and radioactive waste investigation approved by Army Corps but not funded.
Cartwright Island Bomb Target Suffolk East Hampton Not listed In 1940, Navy leased this site for use as bombing range. Property reverted back to landowner in 1946.
Fort H. G. Wright Suffolk Fishers Island Yes Site used for harbor defense. No environmental or public health hazards have been identified but the property is expected to contain military munitions and explosives of concern.
Fort Michie Suffolk East Hampton Not listed Site on Great Gull Island was part of harbor defense system for Long Island Sound. Site is a bird sanctuary and research facility overseen by American Museum of Natural History
Montauk Naval Sub Base and Torpedo Test Range Suffolk Montauk Yes Used by Navy as submarine port, maintenance facility and torpedo test range. Ordnance could be present and area is known to or suspected to contain military munitions and explosives of concern. Site is currently marine biology research center. Long Island Rail Road train station and resort.
N. Hill Fire Con Station Suffolk Fishers Island Yes Most of site is being redeveloped, save for two parcels which are suspected of containing explosives. Further investigation recommended. Unclear if happened.
Nike Battery NY-25 Con Area Suffolk Shoreham Not listed Used by Army as surface-to-air missile launch and control area. Buildings and electrical vault present safety hazard but are located in area not readily accessible to public. Portion of site owned by Brookhaven Town.
Plum Island Animal Research Center (Fort Terry) Suffolk Orient Not listed Used as training camp in World Wars I and II and as part of harbor defense program.
Suffolk County Army Airfield and Bombing & Gunnery Range Suffolk Westhampton Yes Site was used as bombing and gunnery training range for fighter pilots. Site is known or suspected to contain military munitions and explosives of concern.
Suffolk County Air Force Base Suffolk Westhampton Yes Site used for fighter pilot training and as fighter interceptor base. Is known to or suspected to contain military munitions and explosives of concern. Currently used as Gabreski Airport and by New York Air National Guard. Remedial investigation/feasibility study planned but not scheduled due to funding limitations.
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